Hard hits to the head are the most obvious cause of concern regarding concussions. That being said often times it's repetitive smaller trauma that does the most damage. Dr. Hal does not recommend that soccer players practice heading the ball or use that technique in games. Dr. Hal also wants to remind you that giving your teammate even a light helmet-to-helmet celebratory tap can be dangerous.
Whiplash is certainly a major contributor to concussions. It is caused mostly by car accidents but any collision with speed that causes your head to snap or body stop immediately will cause your brain to crash into the sharp bony parts of the inside of your skull.
Research suggests that a person who suffers a second concussion before the initial concussion has healed, has a 100% chance of permanent brain damage, and a 50% chance of dying.
Headaches aren't the only symptom of a concussion. Here's a comprehensive list. Please download the SCAT 5 form at the bottom of the page for more info.
Headache, pressure in head, neck pain, nausea/vomiting, dizziness, blurred vision, balance problems, sensitivity to light and/or noise, feeling slowed down, feeling like 'in a fog', "don't feel right", difficulty concentrating, difficulty remembering, fatigue or low energy, confusion, drowsiness, more emotional, irritability, sadness, nervous or anxious, trouble falling asleep. Also, the above symptoms typically get worse with physical and/or mental activity.
Almost 70% of adolescents that have a concussion have visual issues. Eye movements and focus are linked to the cervical spine and specific parts of the brain. They are a "window" into what part of the brain has been most stressed and how it is able to process various stimuli.
The following behaviors could indicate that someone has a vision problem. If you have one or more of these symptoms we recommend a functional vision examination.
Vision therapy: A series of in-office and at-home activities and exercises designed to improve the visual skills that have been affected by a head injury. In some cases, the patient may just be given activities to be done at home. In other cases, a combination of home and in-office VT will be recommended.
The VICIS Zero-1 football helmet utilizes multi-layered technology that is designed to mitigate linear and rotational impact forces. Research shows that this helmet is the most effective at reducing acceleration and deceleration brain injuries. That being said, no helmet can prevent all concussions.
more info later
The SCAT 5 is an assessment tool we use here at Back in the Game Chiropractic. Please download and refer to PAGE 3 SECTION 2 "SYMPTOM EVALUATION" to learn more. Concussions aren't just about headaches!
Also extremely important is to reference page #8 for guidelines on when to return to school and sport activities. SCREEN TIME MUST BE ELIMINATED OR REDUCED ESPECIALLY IN THE EARLY STAGES OF RECOVERY (NO VIDEO GAMES, VISUAL PHONE USE, YOUTUBE, ETC...)